Nagasaki Japan 1-Day Tour
The Statue of Peace,at Nagasaki Peace Park, Japan.
According to the itinerary, Nagasaki(長崎市) was our last destination to visit in Japan. To me, I was very anxious to see how the city was ruined and bombed during the Second World War. Frankly speaking, this was part of the reasons why I took part the Star Cruise on Taipei(台北)/Ishigaki(石垣島)/Kagoshima(鹿儿島)/Nagasaki(長崎)/Jeju(濟洲島).
Nagasaki is situated on the island of Kyushu(九洲)in Japan.It is well-known for: (1)Night View;(2)Atomic bombing. The Night View of Nagasaki was ranked NO.3 behind Hong Kong and Hakodate(涵館).In Japan, it is called the “Ten million dollar night view” ranked after Naples(拿不勒斯)of Spain. Even though I had been to these places before ,yet I was only able to see the two cities in the day time.
The Night View of Nagasaki, Japan.
Nagasaki was the second Japanese city after Hiroshima under atomic bombing. The atomic bombing was on Thursday, August 9, 1945. On that day, the US Boeing B-29 Superfortress Bockscar, commanded by Major Charles Sweeney, departed from Tinian's North Field just before dawn, this time carrying a plutonium bomb code named "Fat Man". In actual fact, its primary target for the bomb was Kokura(小倉), with the secondary target, Nagasaki, if the primary target was too cloudy to make a visual sighting. After 20 minutes, the plane arrived at 10:50 a.m. over Nagasaki, but the city was also concealed by clouds. Desperately short of fuel and after making a couple of bombing runs without obtaining any visual target, the crew was forced to use radar in order to drop the bomb. After 53 seconds of its release, the bomb exploded at 11:02 a.m. at an approximate altitude of 1,800 feet.
Damage Caused by the Atomic Bombing:
Dead………………………………….73,884.(the estimated population at that time was 240,000.)
People left homeless…………………120,820
Houses damaged………………………18,409(All houses with a radius of 4km, 36% of all houses of Nagasaki)
Houses entirely burt down…………… 11,574(Within the radius of 4 km;1/3 of all houses of the city.
Houses entirely reduced to rubble ………1,326(Within a radius of 1 km)
Houses partially reduced torubble……….5,509(Within a radius of 4 Km)
Land ccompletely leveled…………..6.7 Square Km(2,59 Square Miles)
Nagasaki became a centre of Portuguese and European influence in the 16th and 19th centuries. A Roman Catholic Church was built in 1864 and declared as UNESCO World Heritage.The population of Nagasaki is around 446,007.
Nagasaki Peace Park
While in Nagasaki, we visited the following tourist destinations:
(1) Glover Garden(哥拉巴园): This is merely an air museum, exhibiting mansions of the former western residents of Nagasaki. It is located on the hillside overlooking the Nagasaki port where Western merchants settled down after the end of Japan’s Era of Seclusion in the second half of the 19 century. The original owner of this house was a Scottish trader, Thomas Blake Glover(1838-1911). He played a key role in the Nagasaki settlement during the mid 19th century. Some other Western houses built from the same age were reconstructed beside his house, and today, they are all part of what is called “Glover Garden”. The exhibited buildings include the mansions of British merchants Frederick Ringer(1838-1907) and William Alt and the former residence of Thomas Glover, a Scottish merchant. A very beautiful panoramic view can be seen from the Garden. As the house and its surroundings are reminiscent of Puccini's opera, it is also known as the "Madame Butterfly House." Statues of Puccini and diva Miura Tamaki, famed for her role as Cio-Cio-san, stand in the park near the house.
Thomas Blake Glover's House at Nagasakin Japan.
(2) Qura Catholic Church: Ōura Church (大浦天主堂) is a Roman Catholic church in Nagasaki, Japan, built soon after the end of the Japanese government's Seclusion Policy in 1853. It is also known as the Church of the 26 Japanese Martyrs. It was for many years the only western-style building declared a national treasure, and is said to be the oldest church in Japan. The church was designed by a French priest at the end of Edo Period and completed during early Meiji era.
(3) Nagasaki Peace Park(平和公园): The Park was built to commemorate the atomic bombing of Nakasaki on August 9 , 1945 during World War II. Inside the park, there are 16 Peace Monuments mainly “Statues of Peace” ,all of these are gifts from many countries including China.
"Madame Butterfly",statues of Diva Miura Tamaki,
famed for her role as Cio-Cio-san in Puccini's opera.
Established in 1955, and near to the hypocenter of the explosion, remnants of a concrete wall of Urakami Cathedral can still be seen. Urakami Cathedral was the grandest church in East Asia at the time. At the park's north end is the 10-meter-tall Peace Statue created by sculptor Seibo Kitamura of Nagasaki Prefecture. The statue's right hand points to the threat of nuclear weapons while the extended left hand symbolizes eternal peace. The mild face symbolizes divine grace and the gently closed eyes offer a prayer for the repose of the bomb victims' souls. The folded right leg and extended left leg signify both meditation and the initiative to stand up and rescue the people of the world. Installed in front of the statue is a black marble vault containing the names of the atomic bomb victims and survivors who died in subsequent years.
Statues of Puccini. He was an Italian composer of
the well-known and mostly played opera Madama Buttery.
At the south end of the park is a "Fountain of Peace". This was constructed in August, 1969, as a prayer for the repose of the souls of the many atomic bomb victims who died searching for water, and as a dedication to world peace. Lines from a poem by a girl named Sachiko Yamaguchi, who was nine at the time of the bombing, are carved on a black stone plaque in front of the fountain. It reads: "I was thirsty beyond endurance. There was something oily on the surface of the water, but I wanted water so badly that I drank it just as it was."