Travel On The Roof Of The World---Tibet (2007) 首页 我的遊記 走进西藏 Travel on the Roof of the World---Tibet (2007年) Travel On The Roof Of The World---Tibet (2007)



Travel On The Roof


Of The World







Photo taken at Potala Palace(布達拉宮)Lhasa,Tibet, China.

Mt.Qomolangma(珠穆朗瑪峰, or Mount Everest,8,850 metres above sea level)

     Tibet Autonomous Region(西藏自治區) is a plateau region in Asia, north of the Himalayas. It is the highest region on earth, with an average elevation of 4,900 metres (16,000 ft). It is always referred to as the “Roof of the World”(世界屋脊),  "Forbidden Zone for Life"(生命禁區) or "the Third Pole"(地球第三極). Tibet boasts the world’s highest mountain---Qomolangma(or Mount Everest,8850 metres above sea level,珠穆朗瑪峰) the highest river---Yarlung Zangbo( 4,500 Metresr above sea level,雅魯藏布江),the higest lake---Namco(4,718 Metres above sea level,纳木錯), and the “Sunlight City”---Lhasa(3,658 Metres above sea level,拉薩.). Lhasa(拉薩). is the Capital City of Tibet.Besides,there are some snow-capped mountains, immense grasslands, primeval forests and subtropical areas.    



Arrival at Lhasa Gonggar Airport

The Tibetans

     Tibet was first unified under King Songtsan Gambo(松贊干布, 617-650 AD)in the seventh century. The marriage between the Princess Wencheng(文成公主)in Tang Dynasty(唐朝)to King Songtsan Gambo in 641 AD was a famous legend in the Chinese history.  



King Songtsan Gambo(松贊干布, 617-650 AD)


 Sakyamuni's Statue At The Age Of Twelve


     A government headed by the Dalai Lama(達賴喇嘛), a spiritual leader, ruled a large portion of the Tibetan region at various times from the 1640s until 1950s. During most of this period, the Tibetan administration was subordinate to the Chinese empire of the Qing Dynasty(清朝). The 13th Dalai Lama proclaimed Tibet as an Independent Nation in 1913, but this declaration was not accepted by China, nor recognized by any country as a de jure independent nation. The 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, fled to India in 1959.   



Tibet Museum

Tibetan Prayer Flags(西藏经幡)


     Today,Tibet is administered by the People's Republic of China (PRC) but still claimed by Taiwan (ROC) in its constitution .    



 Princess Wencheng (文成公主,623AD-680AD)

Princesses Bhrikuti (赤尊公主)


     Tibetans make up the majority of the population in Tibet. They have preserved their own unique traditions, Lifestyle and culture. In the year of 2007, my wife and I took a great courage to explore this mysterious country. Very rare people like our age were suited for travelling in Tibet. We had our medical check-up two weeks before  the tour and were told that only those who had problems like anemia or hypertension, or suffered from colds, heart/cadiac illness,severe respiratory, high or low Blood pressure or suffered from illness of lungs were not suitable to visit Tibet.    



The bird's eye view on Sunshine City Lhasa (拉薩), the Capital of Tibet.

Tibetan Buddhist Prayer Wheel (轉经筒)

     We thereafter flew from Chengdu(成都) to Lhasa(拉薩) and were immediately admitted into a hotel for overnight stay in order to suit the local environment. No shower or bath on the first day. Stop all activities upon arrival,even brisk walking and running were not advised.Stop smoking or drinking alcohol and even making love.The most funny thing was that we were advised not to eat too much at the dinner table as it might consume too much oxygen later. We were also told not to rely on oxygen equipment too much so that we could acclimatize ourselves to the high altitude as early as possible.Sulee and I merely used the oxygen equipment once after we went to shower on the next day owing to the lack of oxygen. Everyone of us was requested to take a sound sleep and good rest at night.    



Palkhor Monastery(白居寺  or Palkhor Pagoda),Tibet.Its 9-storey pagoda houses
 100,000 statues of buddhas. So, the said pagoda is also called
 “100,000- Buddha Pagoda”. 

The Buddha Display Stage (展佛台)


      On the following day,we started our visit to Tibetan Museum and Lhasa City. Lhasa(拉薩) is a city of wonders. Everything looks so different if compared to cities and townships in the Mainland of China.



The 14th and current Dalai Lama fled to India in 1959,Tenzin Gyatso.

The 11th and current Panchan Lama recognised
by the Chinese government,Gyaincain Norbu


     Apart from its average elevation of 4,000 metres above the sea level,its brilliant culture heritage and mysterious folklores have attracted 6,000 visitors per day. In Tibetan language, the name “Lhasa” means “Sacred Place”. Moreover,its abundant sunshine makes it to be called “Solar City” or “ Sunshine City". During our stay in Lhasa, we visited Barkor Street( 八角街), Jokhang Temple(大昭寺) and Potala Palace(布達拉宮).  


     (1) Barkhor Street  (八角街):



Barkhor Street,the oldest street in Lhasa(拉薩)remains very traditional.
 It is a place where Tibetan culture, economy, religion and
 arts are assembled.

Worshippers  at the Barkhor Street.

     The Barkhor Street is the oldest street in Lhasa(拉薩) as well as the centre of old Lhasa(拉薩) and remains very traditional. It is a place where Tibetan culture, economy, religion and arts are assembled.    


     (2) Jokhang Temple (大昭寺):     



Jokhang Temple(大昭寺),Lhasa, Tibet.

 Worshippers at Jokhang Temple,Lhasa,Tibet.


     Jokhang Temple was built in 647 AD in order to house the statues of Buddha that Princesses Bhrikuti(赤尊公主) from Nepal and Wen Cheng(文成公主) from Tang Dynasty China.The two Buddhas were brought as gifts for their husband-to-be ,King Songtsan Gambo(松贊干布). The temple has been enlarged many times over the centuries and now also houses statues of King Songtsan Gambo and his two famous foreign wives. However, the original statue of Jowo Sakyamuni Buddha(釋迦牟尼佛) that Princess Wen Cheng brought from Changan(長安) over 1,300 years ago is definitely its most sacred and famous possession, and is perhaps the most venerated religious artifact in all of Tibet. The temple, a splendid four floor building facing west under a gilded rooftop, is located at Barkhor Square in the centre of the old town of Lhasa(拉薩).     .    


     (3) Potala Palace (布達拉宮):  



 Acending to Potala Palace(布達拉宮)Lhasa,Tibet.



     Perched upon a 130-metres high hill, it is regarded the greatest monumental structure in Tibet. The Potala Palace is a huge treasure house for materials in Tibetan history, religion, culture and arts. The Palace is widely known for its possession of precious sculptures, murals, scripture, buddha figures, antiques and religious jewelry..etc, all of them are of great cultural and artistic value. In 1994, the Potala Palace was declared as the United Nations World Cultural Heritage Site.      


     (4) Xigaze (日喀則) 



Xigaze(日喀則),a famous cultural city with 600 years history

Gyantse Fortess And monument(江孜城堡----宗山抗英遺址)

      On the third day, we proceeded to Xigaze(日喀則), a famous cultural city with 600 years history.Xigaze is 3,800 metres above the sea level. Located in its bordering area of Nepal is Mt.Qomulangma( or Mt.Everest珠穆朗瑪峰), which is 8,848.13 metres above the sea level. It is the highest mountain in the world. Around the city there are the Sakya(薩迦寺), Palkhor Monastery (白居寺). and Xalu (夏魯寺) monasteries.We visited both Tashihungpo Monastery(札什倫布寺) and the Palkhor Monastery(白居寺).The former is the home of Panchen Lama(班禪喇嘛) and the latter stands resplendent Palkhor Pagoda. This 9-storey pagoda is 32.5 metres high and has 108 doors. Its 77 Buddhist Halls house 100,000 statues of buddhas. So, the said pagoda is also called “100,000- Buddha Pagoda”.   




Yamdrok Lake(羊卓雍錯)

Nam Co Lake (纳木错)

     On the way to Xigaze, we also stopped over to take photos on Gyantse Fortess(江孜城堡----宗山抗英遺址) and Yamdrok Lake(羊卓雍錯, 4,441 metres above sea level).     


     (5) Qingzang Railway (青藏铁路):    

Qinghai–Tibet Railway or Qingzang railway(青藏铁路)is a high-altitude railway
(4,500 metres above the sea level) that connects Xining(西寧)
from Qinghai Province(青海省) to Lhasa(拉薩).

The beautifil scenery of Tibet


     Qinghai–Tibet Railway or Qingzang railway (青藏铁路 )is a high-altitude railway (4,500 metres above the sea level) that connects Xining(西寧)from Qinghai Province(青海省) to Lhasa(拉薩). The total length of Qingzang Railway(青藏铁路 ) is 1,956 km. Construction of the 815 km section between Xining(西寧) and Golmud(格爾木)was completed in 1984. The 1,142 km section between Golmud(格爾木) and Lhasa(拉薩) was inaugurated on 1st July 2006 by Chairman Hu Jintao(胡錦濤). Passenger trains run from Beijing(北京), Chengdu(成都), Chongqing(重慶), Guangzhou(廣州), Shanghai(上海), Xining(西寧) and Lanzhou(蘭州).  

The 928-meter-long Lhasa River Railroad Bridge(拉薩鉄桥),a landmark project of
the Qinghai-Tibet Railway,is shown under the blue sky near Lhasa.

Tanggula Pass(唐古拉山埡口), which,at 5,072 metres above sea level,
is the world's highest rail track.

     We embarked on board an over-night train from Lhasa(拉薩) to Xining(西寧). All of us were very excited throughout the whole night because we were on board the world’s highest train and passing through the highest mountains. There are 7 tunnels,675 bridges and 2,050 caves for the entire journey.The railway line includes the Tanggula Pass(唐古拉山埡口), which, at 5,072 metres above sea level, is the world's highest rail track. The 1,385 metres Fenghuoshan tunnel(風火山隧道)is the highest rail tunnel in the world at 4,905 metres above sea level. The 4,010-metres Guanjiao Tunnel (關角隧道),is the longest tunnel from Xining (西寧)to Golmud(格爾木) and the 3,345 metres Yangbajing Tunnel(羊北井隧道)is the longest tunnel from Golmud (格爾木) to Lhasa(拉薩). More than 960 km, or over 80% of the Golmud-Lhasa section, is at an altitude of more than 4,000 metres above sea level. There are 7 tunnels, 675 bridges, and 2,050 caves for the entire journey. A total of 550 km of the railway is laid on Permafrost(凍土帶).






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