Ancient Henan Tour
Photo taken in Henan Province, China.
Oracle Bone Script (甲骨文)
The name Henan (河南)means "South of the Yellow River (Huang He黄河)”. With nerarly 100 million people,it is the most populous province of China.It is also known as Zhongyuan(中原) or Zhongzhou(中州). There are 20 Dynasties with more than 200 emperors in power for 4,000 years. Henan is traditionally regarded as the cradle of Chinese Civilization. Northern Henan, along the Yellow River, was the core area of ancient China for at least in the first half of Chinese history. The two cities of Luoyang(洛陽)and Kaifeng (開封)each served as the capital city of a long list of dynasties.
Yellow River(黄河),the cradle of Chinese Civilization, was the core area of
ancient China for at least in the first half of Chinese history.
The statue of "The Mother of Yellow River"(黄河母親像).
Archaeological sites reveal that prehistoric cultures such as the Yangshao Culture(仰韶文化,5,000BC-3,000BC)and Longshan Culture(龍山文化,2900BC-2100BC) were active in what is now the northern part of Henan.The first literate dynasty of China, the Shang Dynasty (商朝16th-11th century BC), was centered in Henan. Their last capital, Yin(殷墟), was located in today’s city of Anyang(安陽).
"YIN"(殷墟) WAS the last capital OF the Shang Dynasty
(商朝 16th-11th century BC).
The Shang Dynasty chariot pits museum(商朝車馬坑博物館)
Henan is home to three ancient capitals: Luoyang(洛陽), Kaifeng(開封) and Anyang(安陽). Travelling around Henan is absolutely a magical history tour to explore the profound Buddhist culture of China.
During our visit to Henan in the year of 2008, we spent 11 days to visit its cities as follows: Zhengzhou(鄭州),Denfeng(登封),Nanyang(南陽),Luoyang(洛陽),Anyang(安陽) and Kaifeng(開封).
The ruins of the Shang Dynasty(商朝遗址 About 1600-1046 BC)
which was the first literate dynasty of China.
Huangdi Square(黄帝广場) where worshipping ceremony is to be held.
Zhengzhou(鄭州) is the capital city of Henan Province. Situated to the south of the Yellow River, it is geographically the centre city of China.It is also the political, economic, cultural, and transportation centre of Henan. Zhengzhou is one of the most important textile centres in China, as well as having a well-developed machinery industry. With its lush foliage, Zhengzhou is China‘s model for the planting of trees in urban areas and is therefore called the "green city."
Xinzheng(新鄭) was Huangdi's Birth Place(黄帝故里).
The Nanyang Zhuge Liang Hut Temple(南阳諸葛武侯祠)
In Zhengzhou, we visited Huangdi's Birth Place in Xinzheng(新鄭) and attending its worshipping ceremony. We also visited Yellow River and the famous Henan Provincial Museum of History. In the exhibition hall, there was a miniature representation of an ancient city, believed to be 3,500 years old, whose ruins were unearthed in Zhengzhou in 1955. There were ancient stone carvings, bronze wares and jade articles of Chu (周朝897 - 951) and workmanship of Ming (明朝1368 - 1644) and Qing (清朝1644 - 1911) dynasties. Besides, there were impressive exhibits which ranged from prehistorical times , including dinosaur bones up through the Qing Dynasty. Shang Ruins(商朝遺址), the largest and the most well-preserved site of the capital city in early Shang Dynasty (商朝16th - 11th century BC), is located in the Zhengzhou downtown area.
The Museum of Dinosaur Egg Fossils(恐龍化石博物館) in Anyang(安阳) is a
World Culture Heritage which has attracted tourists all over the world.
Xixia(西峽) Dinosaur Relics,Nanyang(南阳), Henan.
In Nanyang(南陽), we visited the Museum of Dinosaur Egg Fossils(恐龍化石博物館),Nanyang Zhuge Liang Hut Temple(諸葛武侯祠)and Temple of Holy Doctor Zhang Zhongjing(張仲景聖醫祠). Nanyang is a place to produce many famous people in Chinese history. The Museum of Dinosaur Egg Fossils is a World Culture Heritage which has attracted tourists all over the world
Dinosaur Egg Fossils(恐龍化石)
The Temple of Holy Doctor Zhang Zhongjing(張仲景聖醫祠)
which is situated in Angyang(安阳).
In Denfeng(登封), we visited Songyang Academy(崇陽書院) and Shaolin Temple (少林寺)where we watched the performance of famous Shaolin Kung-fu(少林工夫). Songyang Academy is an institution of higher learning in Ancient China. It belongs to one of the top 4 Academies in Ancient China. The environment of Songyang Academy is very beautiful. The Qianlong Emperor(乾隆皇帝) of Qing Dynasty(清朝) once visited Songshan Mountain and wrote a poem to praise the beautiful scenery of Songyang Academy. In Chinese history, Songyang Academy is famous for its science department, rich culture and fancy cultural relics in the world.
Songyang Academy is an institution of higherlearning in Ancient China.
It belongs to one of the top 4 Academies in Ancient China.
Shaolin Temple (少林寺)
In Gongyi City(鞏義市) , We visited Kangbaiwan Mansions(康百萬莊園). Kang Bai-Wan Mansions (康百萬莊園Kang the Millionaire) is an official title given by the Queen Cixi(慈禧太后) in Qing Dynasty(清朝) to the house owner , Kang Ying-kui,(1773-1850,康應魁). Kangbaiwan’s Mansions are located in Gongyi City(鞏義市), Henan Province.
Kangbaiwan Mansions(康百萬莊園)was No.1 millionaire in Ancient China.
The family was rich from its 6th generation to 18th generation
commencing from Ming Dynasty(明朝)to Qing Dynasty(清朝).
Longmen Grottoes(龍門石窟)are regarded as the three most famous
treasure houses of stone inscriptions in China.(Another two
are Yungang Caves云冈石 and Mogao Caves莫高窟)
The whole mansions are divided into 19 parts, covering an area of 240 mu(畝), what we can see today are the housing area, warehouses, workshop and ancestral hall..... .etc. Besides, there are other five more parts, including 33 yards, 53 buildings, 97 single-storey houses, 73 cave dwellings.
According to the family history, there were more than ten people in the Kang’s family could be called “Kangbaiwan”( 康百萬) .The most famous one was Kangyingkui(康應魁). He was the No.1 millionaire of the whole country .The Kangbaiwan family was rich from its 6th generation to 18th generation commencing from Ming Dynasty(明朝) to Qing Dynasty(清朝).
The Tri-Coloured Glazed Pottery of the Tang Dynasty(唐三彩) was developed
1,300 years ago.Imitations now produced in Luoyang(洛陽).
The old city of Luoyang
Tangsancai(唐三彩) refers to the Tri-Coloured Glazed Pottery of the Tang Dynasty (唐朝,618-907 A. D.), a painted earthenware which appeared in the wake of celadon. It is called "Tri-Coloured " because “yellow, green and white” were normally used, although some pieces are also in two or four colours. The Tri-Coloured Glazed Pottery of the Tang Dynasty was developed some 1,300 years ago. Imitations now produced in Luoyang(洛陽), Xian(西安) and other cities of China are well received as tourist souvenirs because of their close resemblance to the authentic works.I Bought one Horse Sculpture of the well-known Tri-Coloured Pottery during our visit to Luoyang(洛陽), Henan Province.
The unearthing of Six-Horse Royal Cart(天子六駕)in Zhou Dynasty
(周朝)has aroused wide public attention.
The Chariot pit of Six-Horse Royal Cart (天子六駕車馬坑)
Luoyang (洛陽) was one of the four great ancient capitals of China and also the capital of 13 dynasties. It has become a symbol of the long-perished Eastern Zhou Dynasty(東周), but many real relics remained unknown. At the threshold of 21st century, the unearthing of Six-Horse Royal Cart(天子六駕) in Zhou Dynasty(周朝) aroused the curiosity of public to explore the ancient capital relics, the royal mausoleums, jade products, etc.
Luoyang is renowned as “ The city of Peony”. The city has long been
famous for its beautiful peony flowers.
Located in the centre of Luoyang City, the Museum of Six-Horse Royal Cart was built on the original site in order to exhibit the ruins of the Six-Horse Royal Cart. The whole museum is divided into two zones. Inside the gate is 1st zone which includes four parts:(1) the map of 5 ancient capital cities in Luoyang area and the present Luoyang;(2) the ancient capital of Eastern Zhou(東周);(3) the exploration and findings of the royal mausoleum ;(4) precious ancient relics
White Horse Temple(白馬寺). It was the first Buddhist temple in China.
Guanlin Temple(關林).This is the place where Guan Yu's head was buried.
Guan Yu was a general of the Kingdom of Shu(蜀国) during
the Three Kingdoms Period(三国时期).
In the 2nd zone, is the amazing pit containing the remains of ancient carts and horses, which were excavated in the year of 2002 to 2003. Here ,two of the 17 pits were excavated. The northern one, rarely discovered in China shows the horses lined in two rows just like they were preparing for a battle. But, the most amazing is the discovery of a Six-Horse Royal Cart ,specially prepared for Emperors(天子座駕)as mentioned in ancient Chinese literature.
Yuan See Kai Mausoleums(袁林).Yuan was a general,
politician and Emperor. His short-lived attempt
to restore monarchy in China was unsuccessful.
Red Flag Canal(紅旗渠)
Today the Museum of Six-Horse Royal Cart(天子六駕) serves as a window to display the ancient culture of Luoyang to visitors and tourists who come from all over the world.
The peony of Luoyang is the most beautiful flowers on earth
Ancient Chinese poets once compared peony with the beautiful and elegant
ladies and thought the two were equally pleasant to the eye.
Apart from visiting the above Horse Museum, we visited the World Heritage Site of Longmen Grottoes(龍門石窟), White Horse Temple(白馬寺) and Guanlin Temple(關林.) Above all, we also visited the well-known annual Luoyang Peony Festival(洛陽牡丹花會).
Red Flag canal winds around the side of a cliff, through 42 tunnels
and along the side of the Taihang Mountains.
Lost the way out in Baguazhen(八掛陣Eight Trigrams)
Luoyang is renowned as “ the city of peony”. The city has long been famous for its beautiful peony flowers. Peony, has been called the King of Flowers for its gorgeous charm and unbelievably beauty.The peony of Luoyang is the most beautiful flowers on earth (洛陽牡丹甲天下) as the saying goes. The flower has been a symbol of grace in China. Ancient Chinese poets once compared peony with the beautiful and elegant ladies and thought the two were equally pleasant to the eye.
The statue of Yeh Fei.He was Song-dynasty general,
an incontrovertible patriotic martyr who features
prominently in the pantheon of Chinese heroes.
Yeh Fei Temple(岳飛廟)
Anyang(安陽) is one of the 8 Ancient Capitals of China Its history can date back to 3,000 years. It is one of the key birth places of Chinese ancient culture. We spent more time in Anyang in order to explore the historical sites such as Tianning Temple(天寧寺), Wenfeng Pagoda(文峰塔), Yinxu Museum(殷墟博物館), Milee City(麥里城),viewingOracle bone script ,the Inscriptions on Bones and Tortoise Shells(甲骨文), Yeh Fei Temple(岳飛廟), Yuan See Kai Mausoleums(袁林) and Red Flag Canal(紅旗渠).
Qinming Riverside Landscape Garden(清明上河園),Kaifang(开封), Henan.
The authentic work of the well-known painting:
" Qinming Riverside Landscape"(清明上河图).
Kaifeng City(開封市) was established more than 2,700 years ago and today is considered one of the seven ancient Capitals of China. During the Northern Song Dynasty(北宋,960-1127), it was the political, economic and cultural centre and the most prosperous city in China. This elevated the city to the status of an international metropolis. Influences of later dynasties still remain in the various cultural relics and historic sites,vistors to Kaifeng will have much to see.
The Memorial Temple Of Lord Bao(開封府)
Lord Bao was an exemplary official of incorruptibility and his name
became a household word in the Chinese community.
Kaifeng's former name is Bianliang(汴梁) or Bianjing(汴京), because it was called Bianzhou(汴州), at the time as a Capital of Northern Song Dynasty(北宋). In Kaifeng, we visited Iron Pagoda(Tie Ta, 鐵塔),Dragon Pavillion(Long Ting, 龍亭), Qinming Riverside Landscape Garden(清明上河園),Imperial Street of Song Dynasty(大宋御街) and the Memorial Temple Of Lord Bao(開封府).Lord Bao was an exemplary official and his name became a household word in China. Tourist will learn about the incorruptibility of Lord Bao through the historical materials, inscriptions and waxwork exhibits on display in the temple.